What is the current status of Inland Waterway Transport in Ukraine?
Interactive map of river ports and terminals
Ukraine has a very extended inland waterway network. The Dnipro is the biggest and the most important river and should be considered a national treasure of Ukraine. The river is used for transportation of goods and people but also has a variety of other functions. Via the hydropower stations, energy is generated, it is also a water source for people and the agricultural sector and of course, the river is used for leisure activities like swimming, fishing and sailing.
Given the multiple users of the river, the most important aspects of the reforms in IWT are to organize the public management of the river system (who is responsible for what) and to secure finance for the maintenance of and investments in public inland waterway transport infrastructure, like fairways and ship locks. Another important objective of the reforms is that it should promote river transport and enable a shift of freight transport from road to inland waterway transport, being a cost-efficient and environmental-friendly mode of transport.
These reforms are to be materialized in first instance with a dedicated law for inland waterway transport, which was already over 10 years under discussion in the Verkhovna Rada.
On the 4th of December 2020, the Verkhovna Rada adopted the Law on Inland Waterway Transport 1054-IX.